Sleep apnea is the term used to refer to a disorder that results in an individual breathing starts and stops repeatedly. Individuals who snore loudly and usually feel fatigued despite having an entire night of sleep are most likely to suffer from sleep apnea.
The main types of sleep apnea
There are three main types of sleep apnea namely the central sleep apnea, the complex sleep apnea, and the obstructive sleep apnea. The obstructive sleep apnea is the most commonly experienced form of sleep apnea, and it occurs when the muscles on the throat relax.
The central sleep apnea is the form of sleep apnea that occurs when the signals sent to the muscles that are responsible for breathing by the brain are not proper. Complex sleep apnea syndrome or what is also described as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea is the type of sleep apnea that occurs when an individual is suffering from both the central sleep apnea and the obstructive sleep apnea.
Signs and Symptoms
More often than not the signs and symptoms exhibited by individuals overlap especially for central and obstructive sleep apnea making it extremely difficult to make an accurate diagnosis. The signs and symptom exhibited in both types of sleep apneas are almost identical. Individuals suffering from sleep apnea will snore loudly, but it is most common in individuals suffering from obstructive sleep apnea.
Individuals with sleep apnea will wake up abruptly followed by breath shortage which is mostly exhibited in central sleep apnea. Other people will witness individuals suffering from sleep apnea experiencing episodes of breathing cessation. Headaches in the morning, insomnia, issues paying attention, sore throats or dry mouths when waking up, hypersomnia and easy irritability.
When to see a doctor
It is essential to consult a doctor at the Oral Surgeons of Beverly Hills immediately if an individual or their partner notices that their snoring is extremely loud such that they disturb themselves or other people in their sleep, waking up due to chocking, breath shortage or gasping for air, when there are long pauses in the breathing while asleep, extreme sleepiness during the day which might result to one falling asleep while driving, watching television or working.
It is not all individuals suffering from sleep apnea who snore neither does snoring mean one has sleep apnea. However, if the snoring is accompanied by intervals of silence an individual should consult a doctor.
Consulting a doctor the Oral Surgeons of Beverly Hills is the only accurate diagnosis since some of the signs and symptoms are also associated with other diseases and not necessarily sleep apnea.
Causes of obstructive sleep apnea
This type of sleep apnea results when the muscles at the back of the throat relax. These muscles are responsible for supporting the uvula, tonsils, soft palate, throat side walls as well as the tongue. Upon relaxing the airway becomes narrow or when breathing in it closes which results to an individual not getting enough breath. It results in the oxygen levels in the blood decreasing, and the brain senses this strain in breath intake hence awakening the individual from their sleep so that the airway can reopen. The awakening is often brief, so many individuals do not recall it.